Periodontal or gum disease happens when bacteria gets below the gum line and the attachment between the gum and tooth is lost. Three out of four Americans have some form of periodontal disease and only 3 out of 100 will ever get treated before its too late.
Gum disease is a silent, chronic, and often painless communicable bacterial infection that often goes undetected or ignored until severe gum and bone destruction occurs. Left untreated, gum disease can cause pain and tooth loss.
Scaling and rootplaning, also known as non surgical periodontal therapy is the process of removing the etiologic agents such as plaque and calculus from the crown and root surfaces of the teeth, thus helping to establish a healthy disease free periodontium. Scaling and rootplaning is considered the basic treatment of periodontal disease and may be the only treatment required to treat mild to moderate gum disease.